Chapter 2 Vocabulary


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Heresies Docetism - A first-century heresy that taught that Jesus only “seemed” to be human. Docetism comes from a Greek word meaning “to seem.”
Heresies Arianism - A heresy arising after the apostolic era that denied Christ’s divinity. Arianism had grave consequences for the Church’s teaching on salvation.
Ps 22:17 He would have his hands and feet pierced.
Is 53:7 He would be led like a sheep to slaughter.
Is 50:6 He would suffer for the sins of humankind
Zec 11:12-13 He would be sold for thirty pieces of silver.
Ps 41:10 He would be betrayed.
Ps 72:10 He would be worshiped by kings from afar.
Mi 5:1 He would be born in Bethlehem.
Is 11:1-2 He would be of the House of David.
Gn 49:10 He would be born of the tribe of Judah.
The Resurrection The Resurrection of the crucified one shows that he was truly “I AM,” the Son of God and God himself. (CCC, 653)
Jesus needed companionship “He appointed twelve [whom he also named apostles] that they might be with him and he might send them forth to preach.” (Mk 3:14)
Jesus felt tired and slept Upon meeting the Samaritan woman, Jesus was tired from his journey from Judea to Galilee. Jn 4:6 Jesus also showed his humanity by sleeping and being awoken to calm the storm. Mk 8:24, Mk 4:38
Jesus Felt Pity Jesus took pity on the crowds that gathered and healed the sick. Mt 14:13-14 Jesus healed two blind men after being moved by pity for them. Mt 20:29-34
Jesus was afraid Jesus wants us to let go of worry, another form of fear. Mt 6:25-34 In the garden of Gethsemane Jesus prays to God to help overcome his fear. Jn12:27-28
The Temple Located in Jerusalem High Priest entered sacred space on Yom Kippur Temple built from 20-19 B.C. finished in 64 A.D. and leveled in AD 70. Two doves offered for Jesus Jesus went to the Temple at age twelve.
Feats Passover: celebrated the Chosen People’s liberation from slavery in Egypt Pentecost: ”fiftieth” held fifty days after Passover. Spring harvest festival (commemorate when God gave Torah) Tabernacles: Fall harvest celebration (recalls time Jews spent in wilderness
The Synagouge Greek word for “assembly” House of prayer where Scriptures were read and YHWH was worshiped It was a place of discussion for settling legal disputes. It was the local school. It was opened three times per day.
Words and Titles that describe JESUS Lamb of God, Emmanuel (God is with us), Word (logos), Priest, King, Lord, Messiah, Christ, Prophet, Son of God, I AM, Son of Man,
Hypostatic Union The union of the divine and human natures in the one divine Person (Greek: hypostasis) of the Son of God, Jesus Christ.
Church Fathers Bishops, theologians, teachers, and scholars whose writings have greatly contributed to Church doctrine and practice. In both the Western Church and the Eastern Church, four Fathers are most prominent. In the Western Church, they are St. Ambrose (AD 340–397), St. Jerome (AD 347–420), St. Augustine (AD 354–430), and St. Gregory the Great (AD 540–604). In the Eastern Church, they are St. Basil (ca. AD 329–379), St. Athanasius (ca. AD 296–373), St. Gregory of Nazianzus (AD 329–ca. 389), and St. John Chrysostom(AD 347–407).
Christology The branch of theology that studies the meaning of the person and works of Jesus Christ.
Arianism A heresy common in certain times and in certain places during the early Church that denied that Jesus was truly God; named after Arius (AD 250–336), a priest and popular preacher from Alexandria, Egypt.
Apocalypse A word meaning “revelation” or “unveiling.” It is a word often associated with the end times or the second coming of Christ. Also, apocalyptic writing is the name of a literary genre in the Bible that uses inspired, highly symbolic language to bolster faith by reassuring believers that the current age, subject to forces of evil, will end when God intervenes and establishes a divine rule of goodness and peace.
Synoptic Gospels The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, which, because of their similarities, can be “seen together” in parallel columns and mutually compared.
Nestorianism A fifth-century heresy that taught that Christ exists as two persons—the man Jesus and the divine Son of God. The heresy was corrected by Church teaching that stated that Jesus existed in two natures (divine and human) in one Divine Person. The heresy originated with Nestorius (ca. AD 386–ca. 451), the archbishop of Constantinople.
Monophystism From the Greek words monos, which means “one” or “alone,” and physis, which means “nature,” a fifth-century heresy that promoted the error that Jesus had only one nature, a divine nature. In response, the Church taught that Christ has two natures, divine and human.