Speaking and speaking sub-skills

Cards

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SPEAKING considered the most important of the four skills; usually takes place spontaneously and in real-time, so it is difficult for learners to improve without a lot of practice
speak practice means interacting with other speakers, sustaining long turns of talk, speaking spontaneously and speaking about topics of the learners' choice.
speaking sub-skills opening and closing conversations, turn-taking, repairing, paraphrasing, interrupting
speaking purposes narrating, obtaining service, giving a presentation, making small talk
speaking activities role-plays, telephone conversations, interviews, games, debates, presentations