Latin Legal Terminology

Cards

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et ux. abbrieviation for et uxor; and wife
et vir. and husband
a fortiori with stronger reason; much more
a posteriori from the effect to the cause; from what comes after
a prendre to take; to seize
a priori from the cause to the effect; from what comes before
ab initio from the begining
actio criminalis a criminal action
actio damni injuria an action for damages
actio ex delicto an action arising out of fault
ad damnum to the damage; money loss claimed by the plaintiff
ad hoc for one special purpose
ad infiniutum indefinitely; forever
ad litem for the suit
ad respondendum to make answer
additur addition by a judge to the amount of damages awared by a ury
amicus curiae friend of the court
animus furandi intent to steal
anumus testandi intend to make a will
anno Domini (A.D.) in the year of our Lord
ante before
arguendo in arguing
assumpsit he promised
bona fie in good faith
caveat beware
caveat emptor let the buyer beware
caveat venditor let the seller beware
certiorari to be informed of; to be assured
cestui que trust beneficiary of a trust
compos mentis sound of mind
consortium fellowship of husband and wife
contra against
coram before; in the presence of
corpus delicti body of the crime
corpus juris body of law
cum testamento annexo with the will annexed
damnum absque injuria loss without injury in the legal sense
de facto in fact; actually
de jure according to law; rightfully
de minimus of little importance
de novo anew; afresh, a second time
dictum unessential statement or remark in a court decision
doli capaz capable of criminal intent; able to distringuish between right and wrong
doli capaz capable of criminal intent; able to distringuish between right and wrong
duces tecum bring with you
ergo therefore; hence
et al abbreviation for et alii; and others
et seq. abbreviation for et seqentia; and the following
ex contractu out of contract
ex delicto out of a tort or wrong
ex officio by virtue of an office
ex parte apart from, one side only
ex post facto after the fact
forum non conveniens inconvenient court
gratis without reward or consideration
habeas corpus you have the body
habendum to have thus; clause in a deed that defines extent of ownership
ibid. abbrieviation for ibedim; in the same place
id. abbrieiviation for idem; the same
in camera in chambers; in private
in curia in court
in flagrante delicto in glaring fault; a crime in full light
in flagrante delicto in glaring fault; a crime in full light
in flagrante delicto in glaring fault; a crime in full light
in initio at the begining
in litem during the suit
in loco in the place of
in loco parentis in the place of a parent
in pari delecto in equal fault
in personam against or with reference to a person
in re in the matter of; concerning
in toto in the whole; in total
infra below, beneath
injuria absque damno wrong without damage
interalia among other things
inter vivos between the living
ipse dixit he himself says it
ipso facto by the fact itself
juris of right; of law
jus habendi right to have something
jus tertii right of a third party
lis pendens pending suit
locus sigilli place of the seal
malum in se wrong in itself
malum prohibita wrong because it is prohibited
mandamus we command; order by a court commanding a public official to perform a duty
mens rea guilty mind
modus operandi manner of operation
mortis causa by reason of death
n.b. abbrieviation of nota bene; note well, observe
nil contraction of nihil; nothing
nisi unless
nolle prosequi prosecution not pursued
nolo contendere I will not contest the action
non assumpsit not undertaken or promised
non compost mentis not of soun mind; insane
non obstante verdicto not withstanding the verdict
non sequitur it does not follow
nudum pactum naked promise; bare agreement without consideration
nul tort no wrong has been done
nulla bona no goods
nunc pro tunc now for then
obiter dictum words of a prior decision unneecessary for the decision of the case
onus probandi burden of proof
pendent lite pending suit
per annum by the year
per annum by the year
per capita by the head
per curiam by the court
per diem by the day
per quod whereby
per se by itself; taken alone
per stirpes by representation
post mortem after death
prima facie at first sight; on the face of it
pro bono publico for the public good
pro forma as a matter of form
pro rata proportionately
pro se for himself or herself
pro tanto for as far as it goes
pro tempore (pro tem.) temporary; for the time being
quantum meruit as much as he or she deserves
quasi as if; almost as it were
quasi in rem as if against the thing
quasi in rem as if against the thing
quasi in rem as if against the thing
quid pro quo something for something; one thing for another
res thing, object
res gestae things that have been done
res ipsa loquitur thing speaks for itself
res judicata thing decided or judged (also res adjudicata)
respondeat superior let the superior answer
retraxit he or she has withdrawn
scienter knowingly
scilicet to wit; namely; that is to say
scintilla spark
secundum according to
seriatim seperately; one by one
sic thus; in such a manner
sigillum seal
simplex obligato single obligation
sine qua non without which, the thing cannot be
stare decisis to stand by the decision
stare decisis to stand by the decision
stare decisis to stand by the decision
stare decisis to stand by the decision
sua sponte of it own motion
sub curia under law
sub judice under judicial consideration
sub silentio under silence
subpoena under penalty; a process to cause a witness to appear and give testimony
subpoena duces tecum bring with you; a subpeona ordering a witness to produce a paper
sui feneris one of a kind; unique
sue juris of one's own right; not under guardianship
supersedeas writ commanding a stay in the proceedings
supra above; earlier
ultra vires beyond the powers
venire facias order to the sheriff to bring people to court to serve as jurors
versus against
viz. abbrieviation for videlicit; to make more specific that which has been previously stated
volenti non fit injuria volunteer suffers no wrong