Medical Terminology


Front Back
epi on, upon
epi on, upon
ml milliliters
tsp teaspoon
sub under, below, down
peri around
trans across, through, over
NPO Nothing by mouth
-itis inflammation
brady slow
tachy rapid
hypo under, below, beneath
hyper above, excessive, beyond
uro pertaining to urine
algia pain
emesis vomit
q every or each
ac before meals
bid 2 times daily
mg milligrams
po by mouth
qid 4 times daily
as lib as desired
H20 water...DUH!
OOB out of bed
NPO nothing by mouth
F farenheight
BP blood pressure
I&O intake and output (pertaining to liquids. Ex: how much a patient drinks and how much they urinate)
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light, accommodation
vs vital signs
4X4 size of gauze
cm centimeters
MRSA Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
PRN as needed
UA Urine Analysis
PO by mouth
PPN Peripheral Parenteral Nutrition
PR per rectum
atrophy wasting or decrease in size
arthro joints, articulations
abduction movement of limbs away from the body
adduction movement of limbs toward the body
bilateral having 2 sides, occuring on 2 sides
paraplegia paralysis characterized by motor and sensory loss in lower extremities
dysarthria difficult, poorly articulated speech from a nuero injury
pyrexia a febrile response; fever
hyperthermia much higher than normal body temperature; overheating of the body
hypothermia termperature drops below that required for normal body metabolism and body function; oral temp below 95 degrees
afebrile without fever
syncope temporary loss of consciousness and posture, described as "fainting" or "passing out."
hemato blood
edematous pertaining to or resembling edema (excessive fluid casuing swelling)
analgesics drug that relieves pain
tactile pertaining to the sense of touch
dysrhythmia any disturbance or abnormality in a normal rhythmic pattern
cysto bladder, cyst or sac
auditory pertaining to the sense of hearing
osteo bone
adipose fatty
cephalo head
encephalo brain
necrotic pertaining to the death of a tissue
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
excoriation injury to the skin
erythema redness of the skin
peristalsis movement of contents through intestines
dehiscence separation of a surgical incision or rupture of wound
evisceration removal of viscera from abdominal cavity (internal organs)
serous pertaining to resembling or producing serum
sanguineous pertaining to blood or containing blood
serosanguinous containing or consisting of both blood and serious fluid
purulent producing or containing pus
aphasia language function is disordered or absent due to neuro disorder of the cerebral cortex
diuresis increased formation and secretion of urine
epistaxis nosebleed
entero intestines
glycosuria abnormal presence of a sugar, especially glucose, in the urine
nephro kidneys
gastro stomach or abdomen
gavage process of feeding a patient through a nasogastric tube
lavage to wash out, usually an organ
nocturia excessive urination at night
polyuria excretion of an abnormally large amount of urine
oliguria dimished capacity to form and pass urine, little urine output